Miwa D, Sakaue T, Inoue H, Takemori N, Kurokawa M, Fukuda S, Omi K, Goishi K, Higashiyama S.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major angiogenic factor that activates pro-angiogenic molecules to generate new vessels. Recently, we identified a VEGF-A-induced pro-angiogenic gene, BCL-6 associated zinc finger protein (BAZF), in endothelial cells. BAZF interacts with CBF1, a transcriptional regulator of Notch signaling, and downregulates Notch signaling by inducing the degradation of CBF1. A signal inhibition assay with a combination of chemical inhibitors and siRNA revealed that the protein kinase D (PRKD) family, mainly PRKD2, mediated BAZF gene expression by VEGF-A stimulation. A luciferase reporter assay showed that the promoter activity of the BAZF gene was unchanged by VEGF-A stimulation. However, we found that the stability of BAZF mRNA increased in a VEGF-A/PRKD2-dependent manner. In further studies to investigate the underlying mechanism, we successfully identified heat shock protein 90 beta (HSP90β) as a molecule that interacts with and stabilizes BAZF mRNA following VEGF-A/PRKD2 activation. These data suggest that HSP90β may positively regulate angiogenesis, not only as a protein chaperone, but also as an mRNA stabilizer for pro-angiogenic genes, such as BAZF, in a PRKD2 activity-dependent manner.