Reference - Detail
|Nishimura K, Aizawa S, Nugroho FL, Shiomitsu E, Tran YTH, Bui PL, Borisova E, Sakuragi Y, Takada H, Kurisaki A, Hayashi Y, Fukuda A, Nakanishi M, Hisatake K.
|A Role for KLF4 in Promoting the Metabolic Shift via TCL1 during Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Generation.
|Stem Cell Reports
Reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is accompanied by morphological, functional, and metabolic alterations before acquisition of full pluripotency. Although the genome-wide effects of the reprogramming factors on gene expression are well documented, precise mechanisms by which gene expression changes evoke phenotypic responses remain to be determined. We used a Sendai virus-based system that permits reprogramming to progress in a strictly KLF4-dependent manner to screen for KLF4 target genes that are critical for the progression of reprogramming. The screening identified Tcl1 as a critical target gene that directs the metabolic shift from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis. KLF4-induced TCL1 employs a two-pronged mechanism, whereby TCL1 activates AKT to enhance glycolysis and counteracts PnPase to diminish oxidative phosphorylation. These regulatory mechanisms described here highlight a central role for a reprogramming factor in orchestrating the metabolic shift toward the acquisition of pluripotency during iPSC generation.
|Animals Cellular Reprogramming* / genetics Energy Metabolism* Gene Expression Profiling Gene Expression Regulation Glycolysis Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology* Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism* Kruppel-Like Factor 4 Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors / genetics Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors / metabolism* Mice Mitochondria / genetics Mitochondria / metabolism Oxidative Phosphorylation Protein Binding Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism* Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism Signal Transduction
|B6N Mouse BAC clone (RDB07573): B6Ng01-102P12.
|Human and Animal Cells