RRC ID 52140
Author Sakagami H, Okudaira N, Masuda Y, Amano O, Yokose S, Kanda Y, Suguro M, Natori T, Oizumi H, Oizumi T.
Title Induction of Apoptosis in Human Oral Keratinocyte by Doxorubicin.
Journal Anticancer Res
Abstract BACKGROUND/AIM:We have previously reported that doxorubicin (DXR) showed much higher cytotoxicity against human oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines compared to normal human mesenchymal normal oral cells (gingival fibroblast, periodontal ligament fibroblast, pulp cell), yielding high tumor-specificity. However, we unexpectedly found that doxorubicin showed potent cytotoxicity against human normal oral keratinocytes and primary gingival epithelial cells. In the present study, we investigated the reproducibility, underlining mechanisms and generality of this unexpected finding.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:Viable cell number was determined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method, fine cell structure by transmission electron microscopy and apoptosis induction by western blot analysis.
RESULTS:Doxorubicin induced keratinocyte toxicity, regardless of cell density and concentration of FBS in the culture medium. Doxorubicin induced apoptosis (characterized by the loss of cell surface microvilli, chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation and caspase-3 activation) in keratinocytes. A total of 11 anticancer drugs showed similar keratinocyte toxicity. Alkaline extract of the leaves of Sasa senanensis Rehder partially alleviated the DXR-induced keratinocyte cytotoxicity by promoting cell growth.
CONCLUSION:The present study suggested that oral keratinocyte toxicity is a novel adverse effect of most anticancer agents.
Volume 37(3)
Pages 1023-1029
Published 2017-3-1
DOI 10.21873/anticanres.11412
PII 37/3/1023
PMID 28314260
MeSH Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects* Apoptosis* Caspase 3 / metabolism Cell Adhesion Cell Line, Tumor Chromatin / metabolism Doxorubicin / adverse effects* Fibroblasts / drug effects Fibroblasts / pathology Gingiva / cytology Humans Keratinocytes / cytology Keratinocytes / drug effects Keratinocytes / pathology* Microscopy, Electron, Transmission Mouth Neoplasms / pathology Periodontal Ligament / cytology Plant Extracts / chemistry Plant Leaves / chemistry Sasa / chemistry
IF 1.994
Times Cited 27
Human and Animal Cells Ca9-22(RCB1976) HSC-2(RCB1945) HSC-3(RCB1975) HSC-4(RCB1902)