Reference - Detail
|Author||Mukai M, Suruga N, Saeki N, Ogawa K.|
|Title||EphA receptors and ephrin-A ligands are upregulated by monocytic differentiation/maturation and promote cell adhesion and protrusion formation in HL60 monocytes.|
|Journal||BMC Cell Biol|
BACKGROUND:Eph signaling is known to induce contrasting cell behaviors such as promoting and inhibiting cell adhesion/spreading by altering F-actin organization and influencing integrin activities. We have previously demonstrated that EphA2 stimulation by ephrin-A1 promotes cell adhesion through interaction with integrins and integrin ligands in two monocyte/macrophage cell lines. Although mature mononuclear leukocytes express several members of the EphA/ephrin-A subclass, their expression has not been examined in monocytes undergoing during differentiation and maturation.
RESULTS:Using RT-PCR, we have shown that EphA2, ephrin-A1, and ephrin-A2 expression was upregulated in murine bone marrow mononuclear cells during monocyte maturation. Moreover, EphA2 and EphA4 expression was induced, and ephrin-A4 expression was upregulated, in a human promyelocytic leukemia cell line, HL60, along with monocyte differentiation toward the classical CD14++CD16- monocyte subset. Using RT-PCR and flow cytometry, we have also shown that expression levels of αL, αM, αX, and β2 integrin subunits were upregulated in HL60 cells along with monocyte differentiation while those of α4, α5, α6, and β1 subunits were unchanged. Using a cell attachment stripe assay, we have shown that stimulation by EphA as well as ephrin-A, likely promoted adhesion to an integrin ligand-coated surface in HL60 monocytes. Moreover, EphA and ephrin-A stimulation likely promoted the formation of protrusions in HL60 monocytes.
CONCLUSIONS:Notably, this study is the first analysis of EphA/ephrin-A expression during monocytic differentiation/maturation and of ephrin-A stimulation affecting monocyte adhesion to an integrin ligand-coated surface. Thus, we propose that monocyte adhesion via integrin activation and the formation of protrusions is likely promoted by stimulation of EphA as well as of ephrin-A.
|MeSH||Animals Bone Marrow Cells / cytology Cell Adhesion / drug effects Cell Differentiation / drug effects Cell Differentiation / physiology* Cell Surface Extensions / drug effects Cell Surface Extensions / enzymology Cell Surface Extensions / metabolism Cells, Cultured Ephrin-A1 / genetics Ephrin-A1 / metabolism Ephrin-A1 / pharmacology Ephrins / genetics* Ephrins / metabolism* HL-60 Cells Humans Integrins / genetics Integrins / metabolism Ligands Male Mice Monocytes* / cytology Monocytes* / enzymology Monocytes* / metabolism Receptors, Eph Family / genetics* Receptors, Eph Family / metabolism* Receptors, Eph Family / pharmacology Signal Transduction / physiology Up-Regulation / drug effects|
|Human and Animal Cells||HL60(RCB0041)|