RRC ID 52380
Author Kanayama M, Hayano T, Koebis M, Maeda T, Tabe Y, Horie S, Aiba A.
Title Hyperactive mTOR induces neuroendocrine differentiation in prostate cancer cell with concurrent up-regulation of IRF1.
Journal Prostate
Abstract BACKGROUND:Neuroendocrine-differentiated prostate cancer (NEPCa) is refractory to androgen deprivation therapy and shows a poor prognosis. The underlying mechanisms responsible for neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) are yet to be clarified. In this study, we investigated the role of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in NEPCa.
METHODS:We utilized a gain-of-function analysis by establishing a human PCa LNCaP stable line that expresses hyperactive mTOR (LNCaP-mTOR). Then, we employed a comprehensive mass spectrometric analysis to identify a key transcription factor in LNCaP-mTOR, followed by a loss-of-function analysis using CRISPR/Cas system.
RESULTS:The activation of mTOR induced NED. We observed significant cell growth arrest in NED of LNCaP-mTOR, which accompanied increased expression of p21WAF1/CIP1 . A comprehensive mass spectrometric analysis identified interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) as a key transcription factor in growth arrest of LNCaP-mTOR. The disruption of IRF1 gene in LNCaP-mTOR reversed cell growth arrest along with the suppression of its target p21WAF1/CIP1 . These results indicate that the growth arrest in NED is at least in part dependent on IRF1 through the induction of p21WAF1/CIP1 .
CONCLUSIONS:We identified active mTOR as a novel inducer of NED, and elucidated a mechanism underlying the malignant transformation of NEPCa by recapitulating NED in vitro.
Volume 77(15)
Pages 1489-1498
Published 2017-11-1
DOI 10.1002/pros.23425
PMID 28905415
MeSH Animals Cell Differentiation / physiology Cell Growth Processes / physiology Cell Line, Tumor Gene Knockout Techniques Heterografts Humans Interferon Regulatory Factor-1 / genetics Interferon Regulatory Factor-1 / metabolism* Male Mice Neuroendocrine Tumors / genetics Neuroendocrine Tumors / metabolism* Neuroendocrine Tumors / pathology Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism* Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology Receptors, Androgen / genetics Receptors, Androgen / metabolism TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism* Up-Regulation
IF 3.279
Times Cited 3
Human and Animal Cells LNCap.FGC(RCB2144)