RRC ID 53811
Author Yonezawa T, Takahashi H, Shikata S, Liu X, Tamura M, Asada S, Fukushima T, Fukuyama T, Tanaka Y, Sawasaki T, Kitamura T, Goyama S.
Title The ubiquitin ligase STUB1 regulates stability and activity of RUNX1 and RUNX1-RUNX1T1.
Journal J Biol Chem
Abstract RUNX1 is a member of RUNX transcription factors and plays important roles in hematopoiesis. Disruption of RUNX1 activity has been implicated in the development of hematopoietic neoplasms. Chromosomal translocations involving the RUNX1 gene are associated with several types of leukemia, including acute myeloid leukemia driven by a leukemogenic fusion protein RUNX1-RUNX1T1. Previous studies have shown that RUNX1 is an unstable protein and is subjected to proteolytic degradation mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. However, the precise mechanisms of RUNX1 ubiquitination have not been fully understood. Furthermore, much less is known about the mechanisms to regulate the stability of RUNX1-RUNX1T1. In this study, we identified several RUNX1-interacting E3 ubiquitin ligases using a novel high-throughput binding assay. Among them, we found that STUB1 bound to RUNX1 and induced its ubiquitination and degradation mainly in the nucleus. Immunofluorescence analyses revealed that the STUB1-induced ubiquitination also promoted nuclear export of RUNX1, which probably contributes to the reduced transcriptional activity of RUNX1 in STUB1-overexpressing cells. STUB1 also induced ubiquitination of RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and down-regulated its expression. Importantly, STUB1 overexpression showed a substantial growth-inhibitory effect in myeloid leukemia cells that harbor RUNX1-RUNX1T1, whereas it showed only a marginal effect in other non-RUNX1-RUNX1T1 leukemia cells and normal human cord blood cells. Taken together, these data suggest that the E3 ubiquitin ligase STUB1 is a negative regulator of both RUNX1 and RUNX1-RUNX1T1. Activation of STUB1 could be a promising therapeutic strategy for RUNX1-RUNX1T1 leukemia.
Volume 292(30)
Pages 12528-12541
Published 2017-7-28
DOI 10.1074/jbc.M117.785675
PII M117.785675
PMID 28536267
PMC PMC5535027
MeSH Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / metabolism* Humans Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism* Protein Stability RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism*
IF 4.106
DNA material pcDNA3-hRUNX1b (RDB15970) pcDNA3-hRUNX1b-9KR (RDB15971)