RRC ID 54163
Author Chia KH, Fukuda T, Sofyantoro F, Matsuda T, Amai T, Shiozaki K.
Title Ragulator and GATOR1 complexes promote fission yeast growth by attenuating TOR complex 1 through Rag GTPases.
Journal Elife
Abstract TOR complex 1 (TORC1) is an evolutionarily conserved protein kinase complex that promotes cellular macromolecular synthesis and suppresses autophagy. Amino-acid-induced activation of mammalian TORC1 is initiated by its recruitment to the RagA/B-RagC/D GTPase heterodimer, which is anchored to lysosomal membranes through the Ragulator complex. We have identified in the model organism Schizosaccharomyces pombe a Ragulator-like complex that tethers the Gtr1-Gtr2 Rag heterodimer to the membranes of vacuoles, the lysosome equivalent in yeasts. Unexpectedly, the Ragulator-Rag complex is not required for the vacuolar targeting of TORC1, but the complex plays a crucial role in attenuating TORC1 activity independently of the Tsc1-Tsc2 complex, a known negative regulator of TORC1 signaling. The GATOR1 complex, which functions as Gtr1 GAP, is essential for the TORC1 attenuation by the Ragulator-Rag complex, suggesting that Gtr1GDP-Gtr2 on vacuolar membranes moderates TORC1 signaling for optimal cellular response to nutrients.
Volume 6
Published 2017-12-4
DOI 10.7554/eLife.30880
PII 30880
PMID 29199950
PMC PMC5752196
MeSH Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 / antagonists & inhibitors* Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism* Protein Multimerization Protein Transport Schizosaccharomyces / growth & development* Vacuoles / metabolism
IF 7.08
Times Cited 8