RRC ID 5470
Author Nishida T, Tsuji S, Tsujii M, Ishii S, Yoshio T, Shinzaki S, Egawa S, Irie T, Kakiuchi Y, Yasumaru M, Iijima H, Tsutsui S, Kawano S, Hayashi N.
Title Cultured bone marrow cell local implantation accelerates healing of ulcers in mice.
Journal J Gastroenterol
Abstract BACKGROUND:The therapeutic potential of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells in ulcers is not known. This study aimed to clarify (1) cell types that are derived from the BM which infiltrate ulcers; (2) whether BM-derived cells or gastric myofibroblasts can be used for cell transplantation to treat ulcers; and (3) the phenotypes of such transplantable cells.
METHODS:(1) Wild-type mice were transplanted with BM cells of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-transgenic mice. Acetic acid-induced gastric ulcers were produced in mice after BM transplantation. (2) BM cells and gastric myofibroblasts were isolated from GFP-transgenic mice. Bone marrow cells attached to plastic dishes were selected for expansion. Gastric ulcers were induced, and BM-derived cells, myofibroblasts, or phosphate-buffered saline were injected around ulcers. The ulcer healing process was examined macroscopically and histologically. (3) Expression of growth factors and cytokines in transplantable cells was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS:(1) GFP-positive cells with interstitial phenotypes were observed at the ulcerated area. (2) Ulcer healing was significantly promoted by the injection of BM-derived cells compared to controls on day 7, but not on day 3. The BM-derived cells were observed in the tissue surrounding the ulcer. However, myofibroblasts were not found. (3) The BM-derived cells expressed hepatocyte growth factor, transforming growth factor-beta(1), and other stromal factors before transplantation, and had mesenchymal phenotypes after transplantation.
CONCLUSIONS:BM-derived cells are involved in the ulcer healing. BM-derived cells, but not myofibroblasts, are locally implantable to ulcers. Thus, BM-derived cells can be transplanted to accelerate ulcer healing.
Volume 43(2)
Pages 124-35
Published 2008-1-1
DOI 10.1007/s00535-007-2137-6
PMID 18306986
MeSH Acetic Acid / adverse effects Animals Bone Marrow Transplantation* Cell Transdifferentiation Cells, Cultured Female Male Mice Mice, Transgenic Phenotype Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced Stomach Ulcer / physiopathology* Stomach Ulcer / surgery* Wound Healing / physiology*
IF 6.132
Times Cited 11
Mice RBRC00267