Reference - Detail
|Author||Tsuji A, Kanie H, Makise H, Yuasa K, Nagahama M, Matsuda Y.|
|Title||Engineering of alpha1-antitrypsin variants selective for subtilisin-like proprotein convertases PACE4 and PC6: importance of the P2' residue in stable complex formation of the serpin with proprotein convertase.|
|Journal||Protein Eng Des Sel|
Furin and PACE4, members of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase (SPC) family, have been implicated in the metastatic progression of certain tumors in addition to the activation of viral coat proteins and bacterial toxins, indicating that these enzymes are potential targets for therapeutic agents. Alpha1-Antitrypsin Portland is an engineered alpha1-antitrypsin designed as a furin-specific inhibitor and has been used as a tool in the functional analysis of furin. In this work, we engineered rat alpha1-antitrypsin to create a PACE4-specific inhibitor. Substituting Arg-Arg-Arg-Arg for Ala-Val-Pro-Met(352) at P4-P1 and Ala for Leu(354) at P2' created a potent PACE4- and PC6-specific inhibitor. This variant (RRRRSA) formed an SDS- and heat-stable serpin/proteinase complex with PACE4 or PC6 and inhibited both enzyme activities. The RRRRSA variant was efficiently cleaved by furin without formation of the stable complex. This is the first report of a highly selective protein-based inhibitor of PACE4 and PC6. This inhibitor will be useful in delineating the roles of PACE4 and PC6 localized in the extracellular matrix.
|MeSH||Amino Acid Sequence Amino Acid Substitution Animals Binding Sites Proprotein Convertase 5 / antagonists & inhibitors* Proprotein Convertase 5 / chemistry Proprotein Convertases / antagonists & inhibitors* Proprotein Convertases / chemistry Protein Engineering / methods* Rats Serpins alpha 1-Antitrypsin / chemistry alpha 1-Antitrypsin / genetics*|
|DNA material||Rat alpha-Antitryspin RRRRSL mutant (RDB03410) Rat alpha-Antitrypsin RRRRSQ mutant (RDB03411)|