RRC ID 60555
Author Kim I, Kim J, Chhetri G, Seo T.
Title Flavobacterium humi sp. nov., a flexirubin-type pigment producing bacterium, isolated from soil.
Journal J. Microbiol.
Abstract A yellow pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped, motile by means of gliding, catalase and oxidase positive bacterium, designated strain DS2-AT, was isolated from soil. Growth was observed at 4-32°C (optimum, 28°C), pH 6-9 (optimum, 7.0), and with 0-0.25% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0%). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain DS2-AT belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and was most closely related to Flavobacterium aquatile LMG 4008T (96.4%), Flavobacterium terrae DSM 18829T (95.6%), Flavobacterium vireti THG-SM1T (95.5%), Flavobacterium inkyongense IMCC27201T (95.4%), Flavobacterium brevivitae TTM-43T (95.2%), and Flavobacterium cucumis DSM 18830T (95.2%). Strain DS2-AT produces flexirubin-type pigments. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and iso-C15:0 3-OH. The major respiratory quinone was identified as menaquinone-6. The major polar lipid was found to be phosphatidylethanolamine. The average nucleotide identity values between strain DS2-AT and selected taxa, F. aquatile LMG 4008T, F. terrae DSM 18829T, and F. cucumis DSM 18830T, were 72, 72.7, and 71.6%, respectively. The draft genome of strain DS2-AT has a number of 14 contigs, scaffold N50 of 476,310 bp and a total size of 3,563,867 bp. Additionally, strain DS2-AT contains 3,127 of gene, 41 of tRNA, 6 of rRNA, and 3 of ncRNA. The DNA G + C content of stain DS2-AT was 40.7 mol%. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, strain DS2-AT is considered as a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium humi sp. nov., (type strain DS2-AT = KACC 19715T = JCM 32786T) has been proposed.
Volume 57(12)
Pages 1079-1085
Published 2019-12
DOI 10.1007/s12275-019-9350-x
PII 10.1007/s12275-019-9350-x
PMID 31758394
MeSH Bacterial Typing Techniques Base Composition DNA, Bacterial / genetics Fatty Acids / analysis Flavobacterium / classification* Flavobacterium / genetics Flavobacterium / isolation & purification* Flavobacterium / metabolism* Nucleic Acid Hybridization Phosphatidylethanolamines / analysis Phylogeny* Pigments, Biological / metabolism* Polyenes / metabolism* RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Republic of Korea Sequence Analysis, DNA Soil Soil Microbiology* Vitamin K 2 / analogs & derivatives Vitamin K 2 / analysis
IF 2.319
Times Cited 0
General Microbes JCM32786