Reference - Detail
|Author||Miyao N, Hata Y, Izumi H, Nagaoka R, Oku Y, Takasaki I, Ishikawa T, Takarada S, Okabe M, Nakaoka H, Ibuki K, Ozawa S, Yoshida T, Hasegawa H, Makita N, Nishida N, Mori H, Ichida F, Hirono K.|
|Title||TBX5 R264K acts as a modifier to develop dilated cardiomyopathy in mice independently of T-box pathway.|
BACKGROUND:TBX5 is a transcription factor that has an important role in development of heart. TBX5 variants in the region encoding the T-box domain have been shown to cause cardiac defects, such as atrial septal defect or ventricular septal defect, while TBX5 variants have also been identified in a few cardiomyopathy patients and considered causative. We identified a TBX5 variant (c.791G>A, p.Arg264Lys), that is over-represented in cardiomyopathy patients. This variant is located outside of the T-box domain, and its pathogenicity has not been confirmed by functional analyses.
OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether the TBX5 R264K is deleterious and could contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy.
METHODS AND RESULTS:We developed mice expressing Tbx5 R264K. Mice homozygous for this variant displayed compensated dilated cardiomyopathy; mild decreased fractional shortening, dilatation of the left ventricle, left ventricular wall thinning and increased heart weight without major heart structural disorders. There was no difference in activation of the ANF promotor, a transcriptional target of Tbx5, compared to wild-type. However, analysis of RNA isolated from left ventricular samples showed significant increases in the expression of Acta1 in left ventricle with concomitant increases in the protein level of ACTA1.
CONCLUSIONS:Mice homozygous for Tbx5 R264K showed compensated dilated cardiomyopathy. Thus, TBX5 R264K may have a significant pathogenic role in some cardiomyopathy patients independently of T-box domain pathway.
|MeSH||Actins / metabolism Animals Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / diagnosis Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / genetics* Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / pathology Child Disease Models, Animal Echocardiography Female Gene Knock-In Techniques Genetic Testing HEK293 Cells Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging Heart Ventricles / growth & development Heart Ventricles / pathology* Heterozygote Humans Infant Infant, Newborn Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium / diagnosis Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium / genetics* Male Mice Mice, Transgenic Mutation, Missense Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide T-Box Domain Proteins / genetics*|
|DNA material||Genome Network Project Human cDNA IRAK049F12 (HGX019732)|