RRC ID 63363
Author Yuan S, Kawasaki S, Abdellatif IMY, Nishida K, Kondo A, Ariizumi T, Ezura H, Miura K.
Title Efficient base editing in tomato using a highly expressed transient system.
Journal Plant Cell Rep
Abstract KEY MESSAGE:Base editing in tomatoes was achieved by transient expression. The Solanaceae plants, particularly the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), is of huge economic value worldwide. The tomato is a unique model plant for studying the functions of genes related to fruit ripening. Deeper understanding of tomatoes is of great importance for both plant research and the economy. Genome editing technology, such as CRISPR/Cas9, has been used for functional genetic research. However, some challenges, such as low transformation efficiency, remain with this technology. Moreover, the foreign Cas9 and gRNA expression cassettes must be removed to obtain null-segregants In this study, we used a high-level transient expression system to improve the base editing technology. A high-level transient expression system has been established previously using geminiviral replication and a double terminator. The pBYR2HS vector was used for this transient expression system. nCas9-CDA and sgRNA-SlHWS were introduced into this vector, and the protein and RNA were then transiently expressed in tomato tissues by agroinfiltration. The homozygous mutant produced by base editing was obtained in the next generation with an efficiency of about 18%. nCas9-free next-generation plants were 71%. All the homozygous base-edited plants in next generation are nCas9-free. These findings show that the high-level transient expression system is useful for base editing in tomatoes.
Volume 40(4)
Pages 667-676
Published 2021-4-1
DOI 10.1007/s00299-021-02662-z
PII 10.1007/s00299-021-02662-z
PMID 33550455
MeSH Agrobacterium / genetics CRISPR-Cas Systems Gene Editing / methods* Gene Expression Regulation, Plant Genome, Plant Homozygote Mutation* Plants, Genetically Modified RNA, Guide, Kinetoplastida Solanum lycopersicum / genetics* Transgenes
IF 3.825
Tomato TOMJPF00001(Micro-Tom)