RRC ID 65322
Author Gabaldón C, Legüe M, Palominos MF, Verdugo L, Gutzwiller F, Calixto A.
Title Intergenerational Pathogen-Induced Diapause in Caenorhabditis elegans Is Modulated by mir-243.
Journal mBio
Abstract The interaction and communication between bacteria and their hosts modulate many aspects of animal physiology and behavior. Dauer entry as a response to chronic exposure to pathogenic bacteria in Caenorhabditis elegans is an example of a dramatic survival response. This response is dependent on the RNA interference (RNAi) machinery, suggesting the involvement of small RNAs (sRNAs) as effectors. Interestingly, dauer formation occurs after two generations of interaction with two unrelated moderately pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, we sought to discover the identity of C. elegans RNAs involved in pathogen-induced diapause. Using transcriptomics and differential expression analysis of coding and long and small noncoding RNAs, we found that mir-243-3p (the mature form of mir-243) is the only transcript continuously upregulated in animals exposed to both Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enterica for two generations. Phenotypic analysis of mutants showed that mir-243 is required for dauer formation under pathogenesis but not under starvation. Moreover, DAF-16, a master regulator of defensive responses in the animal and required for dauer formation was found to be necessary for mir-243 expression. This work highlights the role of a small noncoding RNA in the intergenerational defensive response against pathogenic bacteria and interkingdom communication.IMPORTANCE Persistent infection of the bacterivore nematode C. elegans with bacteria such as P. aeruginosa and S. enterica makes the worm diapause or hibernate. By doing this, the worm closes its mouth, avoiding infection. This response takes two generations to be implemented. In this work, we looked for genes expressed upon infection that could mediate the worm diapause triggered by pathogens. We identify mir-243-3p as the only transcript commonly upregulated when animals feed on P. aeruginosa and S. enterica for two consecutive generations. Moreover, we demonstrate that mir-243-3p is required for pathogen-induced dauer formation, a new function that has not been previously described for this microRNA (miRNA). We also find that the transcriptional activators DAF-16, PQM-1, and CRH-2 are necessary for the expression of mir-243 under pathogenesis. Here we establish a relationship between a small RNA and a developmental change that ensures the survival of a percentage of the progeny.
Volume 11(5)
Published 2020-9-22
DOI 10.1128/mBio.01950-20
PII mBio.01950-20
PMID 32963007
PMC PMC7512553
MeSH Animals Bacteria / pathogenicity* Caenorhabditis elegans / genetics* Caenorhabditis elegans / microbiology Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / genetics* Diapause* Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental Host-Pathogen Interactions / genetics MicroRNAs / genetics* Mutation Pseudomonas aeruginosa / genetics Pseudomonas aeruginosa / pathogenicity RNA Interference Salmonella enterica / genetics Salmonella enterica / pathogenicity Signal Transduction Up-Regulation
C.elegans tm4063