RRC ID 65620
Author Alharthy SA, Hardej D.
Title The role of transcription factor Nrf2 in the toxicity of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in C57BL/6 mouse astrocytes.
Journal Environ Toxicol Pharmacol
Abstract Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) are members of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). This study aimed to determine the protective role of Nrf2 against the toxicity of these agents. Nrf2-/- and wild-type astrocytes were exposed to PFOS (75-600 μM) and PFOA (400-1000 μM) for 24 h. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release was significantly higher in nrf2-/- than in the wild-type astrocytes. Exposure to 600 μM PFOS and 800 μM PFOA showed significant increases in reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, and apoptosis in nrf2-/- astrocytes as compared to wild-type astrocytes. The GSH/GSSG ratio was significantly decreased in nrf2-/- astrocytes when compared to wild-type astrocytes. Additionally, PFOS and PFOS caused dramatic ultrastructural alterations to the mitochondria. BHT pretreatment in wild-type cells decreased ROS production with exposure to both agents. Results of the present study conclude that PFOS and PFOA are cytotoxic to astrocytes and that nrf2 -/- cells are more sensitive to toxicity by these agents.
Volume 86
Pages 103652
Published 2021-8-1
DOI 10.1016/j.etap.2021.103652
PII S1382-6689(21)00070-3
PMID 33812015
MeSH Alkanesulfonic Acids / toxicity* Animals Apoptosis / drug effects Astrocytes / drug effects* Astrocytes / metabolism Caprylates / toxicity* Cells, Cultured Fluorocarbons / toxicity* L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout NF-E2-Related Factor 2 / genetics* Oxidative Stress / drug effects Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
IF 3.292
Mice RBRC01390