Fukuda S, Kita S, Obata Y, Fujishima Y, Nagao H, Masuda S, Tanaka Y, Nishizawa H, Funahashi T, Takagi J, Maeda N, Shimomura I.
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived circulating protein, accumulates in the heart, vascular endothelium, and skeletal muscles through an interaction with T-cadherin (T-cad), a unique glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored cadherin. Recent studies have suggested that this interaction is essential for adiponectin-mediated cardiovascular protection. However, the precise protein-protein interaction between adiponectin and T-cad remains poorly characterized. Using ELISA-based and surface plasmon analyses, we report here that T-cad fused with IgG Fc as a fusion tag by replacing its glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchor specifically bound both hexameric and larger multimeric adiponectin with a dissociation constant of ∼1.0 nm and without any contribution from other cellular or serum factors. The extracellular T-cad repeats 1 and 2 were critical for the observed adiponectin binding, which is required for classical cadherin-mediated cell-to-cell adhesion. Moreover, the 130-kDa prodomain-bearing T-cad, uniquely expressed on the cell surface among members of the cadherin family and predominantly increased by adiponectin, contributed significantly to adiponectin binding. Inhibition of prodomain-processing by a prohormone convertase inhibitor increased 130-kDa T-cad levels and also enhanced adiponectin binding to endothelial cells both by more preferential cell-surface localization and by higher adiponectin-binding affinity of 130-kDa T-cad relative to 100-kDa T-cad. The preferential cell-surface localization of 130-kDa T-cad relative to 100-kDa T-cad was also observed in normal mice aorta in vivo In conclusion, our study shows that a unique key feature of the T-cad prodomain is its involvement in binding of the T-cad repeats 1 and 2 to adiponectin and also demonstrates that adiponectin positively regulates T-cad abundance.