RRC ID 66880
Author Itoh A, Nakazato S, Wakabayashi H, Hamano A, Shenton MR, Miyamoto K, Mitsuhashi W, Okada K, Toyomasu T.
Title Functional kaurene-synthase-like diterpene synthases lacking a gamma domain are widely present in Oryza and related species.
Journal Biosci Biotechnol Biochem
Abstract Various diterpene synthases have been functionally identified in cultivated rice (Oryza sativa). These are the homologs of ent-copalyl diphosphate (ent-CDP) synthase and ent-kaurene synthase (KS) that are responsible for the biosynthesis of gibberellins, diterpenoid phytohormones. We isolated a cDNA encoding full-length OsKSL12, a previously uncharacterized KS like (KSL) enzyme that consists of a β-domain and an α-domain with an active center, but lacks an N-terminal γ-domain. Functional analysis using a bacterial expression system showed that recombinant OsKSL12 converted ent-CDP into ent-manool or ent-13-epi-manool. Comparative genomics revealed that functional OsKSL12 homologs exist in diverse wild species in the Oryzeae- Oryza nivara (Oryza rufipogon), Oryza coarctata, Oryza granulata, Leersia perrieri and Leersia tisseranti. KSL12 homologs in O. granulata, L. perrieri and L. tisseranti preferentially reacted with GGDP rather than ent-CDP, resulting in geranyllinalool rather than ent-manool or ent-13-epi-manool as the main product, meaning that KSL12 functionally diversified during evolution in the Oryzeae.
Published 2021-7-9
DOI 10.1093/bbb/zbab127
PII 6318364
PMID 34244709
IF 1.297