RRC ID 67389
Author Nakatsuka T, Tateishi K, Kato H, Fujiwara H, Yamamoto K, Kudo Y, Nakagawa H, Tanaka Y, Ijichi H, Ikenoue T, Ishizawa T, Hasegawa K, Tachibana M, Shinkai Y, Koike K.
Title Inhibition of histone methyltransferase G9a attenuates liver cancer initiation by sensitizing DNA-damaged hepatocytes to p53-induced apoptosis.
Journal Cell Death Dis
Abstract While the significance of acquired genetic abnormalities in the initiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been established, the role of epigenetic modification remains unknown. Here we identified the pivotal role of histone methyltransferase G9a in the DNA damage-triggered initiation of HCC. Using liver-specific G9a-deficient (G9aΔHep) mice, we revealed that loss of G9a significantly attenuated liver tumor initiation caused by diethylnitrosamine (DEN). In addition, pharmacological inhibition of G9a attenuated the DEN-induced initiation of HCC. After treatment with DEN, while the induction of γH2AX and p53 were comparable in the G9aΔHep and wild-type livers, more apoptotic hepatocytes were detected in the G9aΔHep liver. Transcriptome analysis identified Bcl-G, a pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member, to be markedly upregulated in the G9aΔHep liver. In human cultured hepatoma cells, a G9a inhibitor, UNC0638, upregulated BCL-G expression and enhanced the apoptotic response after treatment with hydrogen peroxide or irradiation, suggesting an essential role of the G9a-Bcl-G axis in DNA damage response in hepatocytes. The proposed mechanism was that DNA damage stimuli recruited G9a to the p53-responsive element of the Bcl-G gene, resulting in the impaired enrichment of p53 to the region and the attenuation of Bcl-G expression. G9a deletion allowed the recruitment of p53 and upregulated Bcl-G expression. These results demonstrate that G9a allows DNA-damaged hepatocytes to escape p53-induced apoptosis by silencing Bcl-G, which may contribute to the tumor initiation. Therefore, G9a inhibition can be a novel preventive strategy for HCC.
Volume 12(1)
Pages 99
Published 2021-1-19
DOI 10.1038/s41419-020-03381-1
PII 10.1038/s41419-020-03381-1
PMID 33468997
PMC PMC7815717
MeSH Animals Apoptosis / genetics* Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / genetics* Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology DNA Damage / genetics* Gene Silencing Hepatocytes / metabolism* Histone Methyltransferases / genetics* Humans Liver Neoplasms / genetics* Liver Neoplasms / pathology Mice Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism*
IF 6.304
Human and Animal Cells Hep G2