RRC ID 67439
Author Kawase A, Hata S, Takagi M, Iwaki M.
Title Pravastatin Modulate Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 and ATP-Binding Cassette G5 and G8 to Influence Intestinal Cholesterol Absorption.
Journal J Pharm Pharm Sci
Abstract PURPOSE:Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1), ATP-binding cassette (ABC)G5, and ABCG8 mediate intestinal cholesterol absorption. It is unclear whether pravastatin (PR) or ezetimibe (EZ) affect expression of these transporters. We examined the effects of PR and EZ on NPC1L1, ABCG5, and ABCG8 expression in human hepatoma HepG2 cells and the murine small intestine. We also assessed expression of the transcription factors liver X receptor (LXR)a, LXRb and sterol regulatory element-binding protein.
METHODS:Transporter mRNA levels were determined in murine small intestines 6 and 24 h after oral PR and EZ administration by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In PR- and EZ-treated HepG2 cells, transporter and transcription factor mRNA and protein levels were examined by RT-PCR and western blot, respectively.
RESULTS:Significant decreases in NPC1L1, ABCG5, and ABCG8 mRNA expression were observed in the duodenum, but not jejunum and ileum, of mice 24 h after treatment with PR, but not EZ. In HepG2 cells, PR but not EZ treatment for 24 h also significantly decreased NPC1L1 protein and ABCG5, and ABCG8 mRNA expression, while increasing LXRa mRNA levels.
CONCLUSION:PR but not EZ treatment reduced duodenal cholesterol transporter expression in mice. PR-induced increases in LXRa mRNA levels may be involved in attenuation of NPC1L1 expression, subsequently decreasing intestinal cholesterol absorption.
Volume 18(5)
Pages 765-72
Published 2015-1-1
DOI 10.18433/j3m029
PMID 26670369
MeSH ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 5 ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 8 ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / metabolism* Animals Anticholesteremic Agents / pharmacology Cell Line Cholesterol, Dietary / pharmacokinetics* Ezetimibe / pharmacology Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / pharmacology* Intestinal Absorption / drug effects* Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism Lipoproteins / metabolism* Liver X Receptors Male Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism* Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Orphan Nuclear Receptors / metabolism Pravastatin / pharmacology*
IF 1.667
Human and Animal Cells Hep G2(RCB1886)