RRC ID 69900
Author Koike M, Yutoku Y, Koike A.
Title Feline XRCC4 undergoes rapid Ku-dependent recruitment to DNA damage sites.
Journal FEBS Open Bio
Abstract Radiation and chemotherapy resistance remain some of the greatest challenges in human and veterinary cancer therapies. XRCC4, an essential molecule for nonhomologous end joining repair, is a promising target for radiosensitizers. Genetic variants and mutations of XRCC4 contribute to cancer susceptibility, and XRCC4 is also the causative gene of microcephalic primordial dwarfism (MPD) in humans. The development of clinically effective molecular-targeted drugs requires accurate understanding of the functions and regulatory mechanisms of XRCC4. In this study, we cloned and sequenced the cDNA of feline XRCC4. Comparative analysis indicated that sequences and post-translational modification sites that are predicted to be involved in regulating the localization of human XRCC4, including the nuclear localization signal, are mostly conserved in feline XRCC4. All examined target amino acids responsible for human MPD are completely conserved in feline XRCC4. Furthermore, we found that the localization of feline XRCC4 dynamically changes during the cell cycle. Soon after irradiation, feline XRCC4 accumulated at laser-induced DNA double-strand break (DSB) sites in both the interphase and mitotic phase, and this accumulation was dependent on the presence of Ku. Additionally, XRCC4 superfamily proteins XLF and PAXX accumulated at the DSB sites. Collectively, these findings suggest that mechanisms regulating the spatiotemporal localization of XRCC4 are crucial for XRCC4 function in humans and cats. Our findings contribute to elucidating the functions of XRCC4 and the role of abnormal XRCC4 in diseases, including cancers and MPD, and may help in developing XRCC4-targeted drugs, such as radiosensitizers, for humans and cats.
Volume 12(4)
Pages 798-810
Published 2022-4-1
DOI 10.1002/2211-5463.13363
PMID 35000298
PMC PMC8972062
MeSH Animals Cats DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded* DNA Damage / genetics DNA End-Joining Repair* / genetics DNA-Binding Proteins Nuclear Localization Signals
IF 2.231
Human and Animal Cells HCT116(RCB2979) CHO-K1(RCB0285) HCT116-XRCC4(-/-)(RCB2981) NIH3T3