RRC ID 71985
Author Bai X, Zhang H, Zhou Y, Nagaoka K, Meng J, Ji C, Liu D, Dong X, Cao K, Mulla J, Cheng Z, Mueller W, Bay A, Hildebrand G, Lu S, Wallace J, Wands JR, Sun B, Huang CK.
Title Ten-Eleven Translocation 1 Promotes Malignant Progression of Cholangiocarcinoma With Wild-Type Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1.
Journal Hepatology
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a highly lethal disease without effective therapeutic approaches. The whole-genome sequencing data indicate that about 20% of patients with CCA have isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations, which have been suggested to target 2-oxoglutarate (OG)-dependent dioxygenases in promoting CCA carcinogenesis. However, the clinical study indicates that patients with CCA and mutant IDH1 have better prognosis than those with wild-type IDH1, further complicating the roles of 2-OG-dependent enzymes.
APPROACH AND RESULTS:This study aimed to clarify if ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1), which is one of the 2-OG-dependent enzymes functioning in regulating 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) formation, is involved in CCA progression. By analyzing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data set, TET1 mRNA was found to be substantially up-regulated in patients with CCA when compared with noncancerous bile ducts. Additionally, TET1 protein expression was significantly elevated in human CCA tumors. CCA cells were challenged with α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) and dimethyl-α-KG (DM-α-KG), which are cosubstrates for TET1 dioxygenase. The treatments with α-KG and DM-α-KG promoted 5hmC formation and malignancy of CCA cells. Molecular and pharmacological approaches were used to inhibit TET1 activity, and these treatments substantially suppressed 5hmC and CCA carcinogenesis. Mechanistically, it was found that knockdown of TET1 may suppress CCA progression by targeting cell growth and apoptosis through epigenetic regulation. Consistently, targeting TET1 significantly inhibited CCA malignant progression in a liver orthotopic xenograft model by targeting cell growth and apoptosis.
CONCLUSIONS:Our data suggest that expression of TET1 is highly associated with CCA carcinogenesis. It will be important to evaluate TET1 expression in CCA tumors before application of the IDH1 mutation inhibitor because the inhibitor suppresses 2-hydroxyglutarate expression, which may result in activation of TET, potentially leading to CCA malignancy.
Volume 73(5)
Pages 1747-1763
Published 2021-5-1
DOI 10.1002/hep.31486
PMID 32740973
PMC PMC7855500
MeSH Aged Bile Duct Neoplasms / diagnosis Bile Duct Neoplasms / genetics Bile Duct Neoplasms / pathology* Blotting, Western Cholangiocarcinoma / diagnosis Cholangiocarcinoma / genetics Cholangiocarcinoma / pathology* Disease Progression Female Humans Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / genetics* Male Middle Aged Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics* Prognosis Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics* Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Translocation, Genetic / genetics* Up-Regulation
IF 14.679
Human and Animal Cells HuCCT1(RCB1960)