RRC ID 73003
Author Kataoka H, Shimomura T, Kawaguchi T, Hamasuna R, Itoh H, Kitamura N, Miyazawa K, Koono M.
Title Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 is a specific cell surface binding protein of hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA) and regulates HGFA activity in the pericellular microenvironment.
Journal J Biol Chem
Abstract Hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA) is responsible for proteolytic activation of the precursor form of hepatocyte growth factor in injured tissues. To date, two specific inhibitors of HGFA have been identified, namely HGFA inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1) and type 2 (HAI-2)/placental bikunin (PB). Both inhibitors are first synthesized as integral membrane proteins having two Kunitz domains and a transmembrane domain, and are subsequently released from cell surface by shedding. Here we show that an active form of HGFA is specifically complexed with membrane-form HAI-1, but not with HAI-2/PB, on the surface of epithelial cells expressing both inhibitors. This binding required the enzyme activity of HGFA. The selective binding of HGFA to the cell surface HAI-1 was further confirmed in an engineered system using Chinese hamster ovary cells, in which only the cells expressing HAI-1 retained exogenous HGFA. The binding of HGFA to HAI-1 was reversible, and no irreversible modifications affecting the enzyme activity occurred during the binding. Importantly, HAI-1 and the HGFA.HAI-1 complex were quickly released from the cell surface by treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or interleukin 1beta accompanying the generation of 58-kDa fragments of HAI-1, which are less potent against HGFA, as well as significant recovery of HGFA activity in the culture supernatant. This regulated shedding was completely inhibited by BB3103, a synthetic zinc-metalloproteinase inhibitor. We conclude that HAI-1 is not only an inhibitor but also a specific acceptor of active HGFA, acting as a reservoir of this enzyme on the cell surface. The latter property appears to ensure the concentrated pericellular HGFA activity in certain cellular conditions, such as tissue injury and inflammation, via the up-regulated shedding of HGFA.HAI-1 complex. These findings shed light on a novel function of the integral membrane Kunitz-type inhibitor in the regulation of pericellular proteinase activity.
Volume 275(51)
Pages 40453-62
Published 2000-12-22
DOI 10.1074/jbc.M006412200
PII S0021-9258(19)55786-6
PMID 11013244
MeSH Animals Base Sequence CHO Cells Cricetinae DNA Primers Epithelial Cells / metabolism Humans Immunohistochemistry Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism* Membrane Proteins / metabolism* Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory Serine Endopeptidases / metabolism* Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology Tumor Cells, Cultured Up-Regulation
IF 4.238
Human and Animal Cells CHO-K1(RCB0285)