RRC ID 77230
Author Hu Y, Stilp AM, McHugh CP, Rao S, Jain D, Zheng X, Lane J, Méric de Bellefon S, Raffield LM, Chen MH, Yanek LR, Wheeler M, Yao Y, Ren C, Broome J, Moon JY, de Vries PS, Hobbs BD, Sun Q, Surendran P, Brody JA, Blackwell TW, Choquet H, Ryan K, Duggirala R, Heard-Costa N, Wang Z, Chami N, Preuss MH, Min N, Ekunwe L, Lange LA, Cushman M, Faraday N, Curran JE, Almasy L, Kundu K, Smith AV, Gabriel S, Rotter JI, Fornage M, Lloyd-Jones DM, Vasan RS, Smith NL, North KE, Boerwinkle E, Becker LC, Lewis JP, Abecasis GR, Hou L, O'Connell JR, Morrison AC, Beaty TH, Kaplan R, Correa A, Blangero J, Jorgenson E, Psaty BM, Kooperberg C, Walton RT, Kleinstiver BP, Tang H, Loos RJF, Soranzo N, Butterworth AS, Nickerson D, Rich SS, Mitchell BD, Johnson AD, Auer PL, Li Y, Mathias RA, Lettre G, Pankratz N, Laurie CC, Laurie CA, Bauer DE, Conomos MP, Reiner AP, NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Consortium.
Title Whole-genome sequencing association analysis of quantitative red blood cell phenotypes: The NHLBI TOPMed program.
Journal Am J Hum Genet
Abstract Whole-genome sequencing (WGS), a powerful tool for detecting novel coding and non-coding disease-causing variants, has largely been applied to clinical diagnosis of inherited disorders. Here we leveraged WGS data in up to 62,653 ethnically diverse participants from the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program and assessed statistical association of variants with seven red blood cell (RBC) quantitative traits. We discovered 14 single variant-RBC trait associations at 12 genomic loci, which have not been reported previously. Several of the RBC trait-variant associations (RPN1, ELL2, MIDN, HBB, HBA1, PIEZO1, and G6PD) were replicated in independent GWAS datasets imputed to the TOPMed reference panel. Most of these discovered variants are rare/low frequency, and several are observed disproportionately among non-European Ancestry (African, Hispanic/Latino, or East Asian) populations. We identified a 3 bp indel p.Lys2169del (g.88717175_88717177TCT[4]) (common only in the Ashkenazi Jewish population) of PIEZO1, a gene responsible for the Mendelian red cell disorder hereditary xerocytosis (MIM: 194380), associated with higher mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). In stepwise conditional analysis and in gene-based rare variant aggregated association analysis, we identified several of the variants in HBB, HBA1, TMPRSS6, and G6PD that represent the carrier state for known coding, promoter, or splice site loss-of-function variants that cause inherited RBC disorders. Finally, we applied base and nuclease editing to demonstrate that the sentinel variant rs112097551 (nearest gene RPN1) acts through a cis-regulatory element that exerts long-range control of the gene RUVBL1 which is essential for hematopoiesis. Together, these results demonstrate the utility of WGS in ethnically diverse population-based samples and gene editing for expanding knowledge of the genetic architecture of quantitative hematologic traits and suggest a continuum between complex trait and Mendelian red cell disorders.
Volume 108(5)
Pages 874-893
Published 2021-5-6
DOI 10.1016/j.ajhg.2021.04.003
PII S0002-9297(21)00134-8
PMID 33887194
PMC PMC8206199
MeSH Adult Aged Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 / genetics Datasets as Topic Erythrocytes / metabolism* Erythrocytes / pathology* Female Gene Editing Genetic Variation / genetics Genome-Wide Association Study* HEK293 Cells Humans Male Middle Aged National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.) / organization & administration* Phenotype* Quality Control Reproducibility of Results United States
IF 10.502
Human and Animal Cells HUDEP-2(RCB4557)