RRC ID 79364
Author Wu Q, Li X, Zhang T, Zhang M, Xue X, Yang W, Hu L, Yin Z, Zhou D, Sun Y, Lu R, Zhang Y.
Title Transcriptomic Analysis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus Underlying the Wrinkly and Smooth Phenotypes.
Journal Microbiol Spectr
Abstract Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a causative agent of seafood-associated gastroenteritis, undergoes opaque-translucent (OP-TR) colony switching associated with capsular polysaccharide (CPS) production. Here, we showed that V. parahaemolyticus was also able to naturally and reversibly switch between wrinkly and smooth phenotypes. More than 1,000 genes were significantly differentially expressed during colony morphology switching, including the major virulence gene loci and key biofilm-related genes. The genes responsible for type III secretion system 1 (T3SS1), type VI secretion systems (T6SS1 and T6SS2), and flagellar synthesis were downregulated in the wrinkly spreader phenotype, whereas genes located on the pathogenicity island Vp-PAI and those responsible for chitin-regulated pili (ChiRP) and Syp exopolysaccharide synthesis were upregulated. In addition, we showed that the wrinkly spreader grew faster, had greater motility and biofilm capacities, and produced more c-di-GMP than the smooth type. A dozen genes potentially associated with c-di-GMP metabolism were shown to be significantly differentially expressed, which may account for the differences in c-di-GMP levels between the two phenotypes. Most importantly, dozens of putative regulators were significantly differentially expressed, and hundreds of noncoding RNAs were detected during colony morphology switching, indicating that phenotype switching is strictly regulated by a complex molecular regulatory network in V. parahaemolyticus. Taken together, the presented work highlighted the gene expression profiles related to wrinkly-smooth switching, showing that the significantly differentially expressed genes were involved in various biological behaviors, including virulence factor production, biofilm formation, metabolism, adaptation, and colonization. IMPORTANCE We showed that Vibrio parahaemolyticus was able to naturally and reversibly switch between wrinkly and smooth phenotypes and disclosed the gene expression profiles related to wrinkly-smooth switching, showing that the significantly differentially expressed genes between the two colony morphology phenotypes were involved in various biological behaviors, including virulence factor production, biofilm formation, metabolism, adaptation, and colonization.
Volume 10(5)
Pages e0218822
Published 2022-10-26
DOI 10.1128/spectrum.02188-22
PMID 36098555
PMC PMC9604176
MeSH Bacterial Proteins / genetics Bacterial Proteins / metabolism Biofilms Chitin Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial Phenotype Transcriptome Type III Secretion Systems / metabolism Type VI Secretion Systems* / metabolism Vibrio parahaemolyticus* / genetics Virulence Factors / genetics
Resource
Pathogenic bacteria V. parahaemolyticus