RRC ID 11576
Author Sato M, Umetsu D, Murakami S, Yasugi T, Tabata T.
Title DWnt4 regulates the dorsoventral specificity of retinal projections in the Drosophila melanogaster visual system.
Journal Nat Neurosci
Abstract In Drosophila melanogaster, the axons of retinal photoreceptor cells extend to the first optic ganglion, the lamina, forming a topographic representation. Here we show that DWnt4, a secreted protein of the Wnt family, is the ventral cue for the lamina. In DWnt4 mutants, ventral retinal axons misprojected to the dorsal lamina. DWnt4 was normally expressed in the ventral half of the developing lamina and DWnt4 protein was detected along ventral retinal axons. Dfrizzled2 and dishevelled, respectively, encode a receptor and a signaling molecule required for Wnt signaling. Mutations in both genes caused DWnt4-like defects, and both genes were autonomously required in the retina, suggesting a direct role of DWnt4 in retinal axon guidance. In contrast, iroquois homeobox genes are the dorsal cues for the retina. Dorsal axons accumulated DWnt4 and misprojected to the ventral lamina in iroquois mutants; the phenotype was suppressed in iroquois Dfrizzled2 mutants, suggesting that iroquois may attenuate the competence of Dfrizzled2 to respond to DWnt4.
Volume 9(1)
Pages 67-75
Published 2006-1-1
DOI 10.1038/nn1604
PII nn1604
PMID 16369482
MeSH Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing Alleles Animals Axons / physiology Cloning, Molecular Dishevelled Proteins Drosophila Proteins / physiology* Drosophila melanogaster Frizzled Receptors / genetics Frizzled Receptors / physiology Glycoproteins / physiology* Immunohistochemistry Mutation / physiology Phenotype Phosphoproteins / genetics Phosphoproteins / physiology Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate / physiology Retina / physiology* Signal Transduction / genetics Signal Transduction / physiology Visual Pathways / cytology Visual Pathways / growth & development Visual Pathways / physiology* Wnt Proteins / physiology*
IF 20.071
Times Cited 60