RRC ID 12766
Author Shimizu N, Yoshikawa N, Ito N, Maruyama T, Suzuki Y, Takeda S, Nakae J, Tagata Y, Nishitani S, Takehana K, Sano M, Fukuda K, Suematsu M, Morimoto C, Tanaka H.
Title Crosstalk between glucocorticoid receptor and nutritional sensor mTOR in skeletal muscle.
Journal Cell Metab
Abstract Maintenance of skeletal muscle mass relies on the dynamic balance between anabolic and catabolic processes and is important for motility, systemic energy homeostasis, and viability. We identified direct target genes of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in skeletal muscle, i.e., REDD1 and KLF15. As well as REDD1, KLF15 inhibits mTOR activity, but via a distinct mechanism involving BCAT2 gene activation. Moreover, KLF15 upregulates the expression of the E3 ubiquitin ligases atrogin-1 and MuRF1 genes and negatively modulates myofiber size. Thus, GR is a liaison involving a variety of downstream molecular cascades toward muscle atrophy. Notably, mTOR activation inhibits GR transcription function and efficiently counteracts the catabolic processes provoked by glucocorticoids. This mutually exclusive crosstalk between GR and mTOR, a highly coordinated interaction between the catabolic hormone signal and the anabolic machinery, may be a rational mechanism for fine-tuning of muscle volume and a potential therapeutic target for muscle wasting.
Volume 13(2)
Pages 170-82
Published 2011-2-2
DOI 10.1016/j.cmet.2011.01.001
PII S1550-4131(11)00002-7
PMID 21284984
MeSH Animals Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors / metabolism Mice Muscle Proteins / metabolism Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism* Protein Binding Rats Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics Receptors, Glucocorticoid / metabolism* Repressor Proteins / metabolism SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases / metabolism TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism* Transcription, Genetic Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism
IF 22.415
Times Cited 227
DNA material Ax1 CA gfp (RDB01727)