RRC ID 268
Author Scholz S, Kurauchi K, Kinoshita M, Oshima Y, Ozato K, Schirmer K, Wakamatsu Y.
Title Analysis of estrogenic effects by quantification of green fluorescent protein in juvenile fish of a transgenic medaka.
Journal Environ Toxicol Chem
Abstract TheChgH-GFP strain of the teleost medaka contains a regulatory region of the estrogen-responsive choriogenin H (chgH) gene fussed to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene. The strain was developed for the identification of environmental estrogens by noninvasive analysis of GFP fluorescence. In the present study, a quantification method for GFP by image analysis was establishedand applied to the analysis of time- and concentration-dependent GFP fluorescence in juvenile fish. Concentration-response analyses were performed with fish exposed for 14 d to 17beta-estradiol (0.37-367 pM), genistein (0.37-367 nM), or p-nonylphenol (0.367-1,835 nM). By means of image analysis, it was shown that ChgH-GFP was induced at 183.5 pM or greater 17beta-estradiol. Time-course and recovery experiments indicated a strong accumulation of GFP in the liver. Results of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis of choriogenin H and vitellogenin demonstrated induction of gene expression for the same rangeof concentrations as that for GFP analysis. Neither expression of these genes nor GFP fluorescence was induced by genistein and p-nonylphenol. Although the ChgH-GFP strain failed to detect these weakly estrogenic compounds, the simplicity of the GFP quantification during early life stages of fish offers promising possibilities for further developments of transgenic strains using different target regulatory sequences.
Volume 24(10)
Pages 2553-61
Published 2005-10-1
DOI 10.1897/04-525r.1
PMID 16268157
MeSH Animals Animals, Genetically Modified* Antineoplastic Agents / toxicity* Biomarkers / analysis Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Estradiol / toxicity* Gene Expression Profiling Genistein / toxicity* Green Fluorescent Proteins / analysis* Green Fluorescent Proteins / biosynthesis Larva / growth & development Larva / physiology Liver / chemistry Oryzias / genetics* Oryzias / physiology* Phenols / toxicity* Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Tissue Distribution Toxicity Tests / methods Vitellogenins / biosynthesis
IF 3.152
Times Cited 17
Medaka d-rR-Tg(ChgH-GFP) (TG132)