Reference - Detail
|Author||Xu HN, Huang WD, Cai Y, Ding M, Gu JF, Wei N, Sun LY, Cao X, Li HG, Zhang KJ, Liu XR, Liu XY.|
|Title||HCCS1-armed, quadruple-regulated oncolytic adenovirus specific for liver cancer as a cancer targeting gene-viro-therapy strategy.|
BACKGROUND:In previously published studies, oncolytic adenovirus-mediated gene therapy has produced good results in targeting cancer cells. However, safety and efficacy, the two most important aspects in cancer therapy, remain serious challenges. The specific expression or deletion of replication related genes in an adenovirus has been frequently utilized to regulate the cancer cell specificity of a virus. Accordingly, in this study, we deleted 24 bp in E1A (bp924-bp947) and the entirety of E1B, including those genes encoding E1B 55kDa and E1B19kDa. We used the survivin promoter (SP) to control E1A in order to construct a new adenovirus vector named Ad.SP.E1A(Δ24).ΔE1B (briefly Ad.SPDD). HCCS1 (hepatocellular carcinoma suppressor 1) is a novel tumor suppressor gene that is able to specifically induce apoptosis in cancer cells. The expression cassette AFP-HCCS1-WPRE-SV40 was inserted into Ad.SPDD to form Ad.SPDD-HCCS1, enabling us to improve the safety and efficacy of oncolytic-mediated gene therapy for liver cancer.
RESULTS:Ad.SPDD showed a decreased viral yield and less toxicity in normal cells but enhanced toxicity in liver cancer cells, compared with the cancer-specific adenovirus ZD55 (E1B55K deletion). Ad.SPDD-HCCS1 exhibited a potent anti-liver-cancer ability and decreased toxicity in vitro. Ad.SPDD-HCCS1 also showed a measurable capacity to inhibit Huh-7 xenograft tumor growth on nude mice. The underlying mechanism of Ad.SPDD-HCCS1-induced liver cancer cell death was found to be via the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.
CONCLUSIONS:These results demonstrate that Ad.SPDD-HCCS1 was able to elicit reduced toxicity and enhanced efficacy both in vitro and in vivo compared to a previously constructed oncolytic adenovirus. Ad.SPDD-HCCS1 could be a promising candidate for liver cancer therapy.
|MeSH||Adenoviridae / genetics* Adenoviridae / metabolism Adenovirus E1A Proteins / genetics Adenovirus E1A Proteins / metabolism Adenovirus E1B Proteins / genetics Adenovirus E1B Proteins / metabolism Animals Apoptosis Cell Line, Tumor Genes, Tumor Suppressor Genetic Vectors / genetics* Genetic Vectors / metabolism HEK293 Cells Humans Liver Neoplasms / genetics* Liver Neoplasms / metabolism Liver Neoplasms / therapy* Male Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Nude Oncolytic Virotherapy / methods* Oncolytic Viruses / genetics Oncolytic Viruses / physiology* Vesicular Transport Proteins / genetics* Vesicular Transport Proteins / metabolism Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays|
|WOS Category||ONCOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY|
|Human and Animal Cells|