RRC ID 38505
Author Liang XT, Pan K, Chen MS, Li JJ, Wang H, Zhao JJ, Sun JC, Chen YB, Ma HQ, Wang QJ, Xia JC.
Title Decreased expression of XPO4 is associated with poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Journal J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM:Exportin 4 (XPO4) is a recently-discovered candidate tumor-suppressor gene identified in a liver cancer mouse model. To investigate the role of XPO4 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) pathogenesis, we determined XPO4 expression and its correlation to prognosis in human primary HCC.
METHODS:The XPO4 mRNA transcription level in HCC cell lines and tissue samples were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). XPO4 protein expression in 123 primary HCC clinical surgical specimens were analyzed by immunohistochemical detection.
RESULTS:Real-time quantitative PCR showed a decrease in XPO4 expression in HCC cell lines BEL-7402, Hep-G2, and SK-hep1 compared to the normal liver cell line LO2. Decreased XPO4 mRNA was also found in the majority of tumor tissues compared with matched non-tumor liver tissues (P = 0.004). Immunohistochemical detection revealed that XPO4 expression was reduced in 51 of 123 (41.5%) tumor resection samples compared with adjunct non-tumor tissues. We also found XPO4 expression to be significantly correlated with tumor size (P = 0.045) and histopathological classification (P = 0.004). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the downregulation of XPO4 resulted in a significantly poor prognosis (P = 0.008, log-rank test), and multivariate Cox's analysis showed that XPO4 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival of HCC patients (P = 0.013).
CONCLUSIONS:Our data suggest that XPO4 could be involved in the progression of human HCC and could serve as a potential target for gene therapy in the treatment of HCC.
Volume 26(3)
Pages 544-9
Published 2011-3
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2010.06434.x
PMID 21332550
MeSH Adult Aged Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism* Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / genetics Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / metabolism* Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / mortality Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology Chi-Square Distribution China Down-Regulation Female Hep G2 Cells Humans Immunohistochemistry Kaplan-Meier Estimate Karyopherins / genetics Karyopherins / metabolism* Liver Neoplasms / genetics Liver Neoplasms / metabolism* Liver Neoplasms / mortality Liver Neoplasms / pathology Male Middle Aged Neoplasm Staging Prognosis Proportional Hazards Models RNA, Messenger / metabolism Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Risk Assessment Risk Factors Survival Rate Time Factors Young Adult
IF 3.632
Times Cited 12
Human and Animal Cells