Reference - Detail
|Author||Wang ZQ, Hemken P, Menton D, Gluck S.|
|Title||Expression of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase in mouse osteoclasts during in vitro differentiation.|
|Journal||Am. J. Physiol.|
Osteoclasts express high levels of a vacuolar H(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (H(+)-ATPase) on the ruffled membrane which they employ to dissolve bone mineral by acidifying their site of attachment on bone. The factors that control amplification of H(+)-ATPase during osteoclast differentiation are poorly understood. We examined the expression of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase in a cell culture system in which mouse spleen cells can be induced to differentiate into osteoclasts by coculture with a mouse bone marrow stromal cell line. We found that the coculture system produced active osteoclasts, identified as multinucleated cells with staining for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity that formed genuine resorption pits in bone. These cells developed high levels of H(+)-ATPase expression in culture, and omission of dexamethasone or 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 from the coculture system each partially suppressed the expression of H(+)-ATPase. The results demonstrate that the spleen and PA6 cell coculture system may be useful for investigating the factors that control the induction of H(+)-ATPase amplification that occurs during osteoclast differentiation.
|Volume||263(2 Pt 2)|
|MeSH||Acid Phosphatase / metabolism Animals Bone Resorption Cell Differentiation Cells, Cultured Cytological Techniques Dexamethasone / pharmacology Dihydroxycholecalciferols / pharmacology Drug Resistance Genetic Markers Mice Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Osteoclasts / cytology Osteoclasts / enzymology* Osteoclasts / ultrastructure Phenotype Proton-Translocating ATPases / metabolism* Spleen / cytology Tartrates / pharmacology Vacuoles / enzymology*|
|Human and Animal Cells|