RRC ID 43240
Author Yamaguchi A, Gabazza EC, Takei Y, Yano Y, Fujimoto H, D'Alessandro-Gabazza CN, Murakami E, Kobayashi T, Takagi T, Maruyama J, Suzuki K, Taguchi O.
Title Role of thrombin in interleukin-5 expression from basophils.
Journal Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract Interleukin-5 (IL-5) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. Thrombin is a procoagulant factor that has been also reported to participate in the inflammatory response by stimulating the secretion of cytokines. Interaction of inflammatory cells with airway epithelial cells may also promote the secretion of cytokines. However, the role of thrombin and cell-to-cell interaction in pathogenesis of allergic inflammation is unclear. In this study, we evaluated the role of thrombin and cell-to-cell interaction in the secretion of IL-5 from basophils. The human basophil cell line KU-812 was used in the assays. Thrombin and co-culture with alveolar epithelial cells significantly stimulated the secretion of IL-5 from KU-812 cells as compared to controls. Secretion of IL-5 was synergistically stimulated when KU-812 cells were incubated in the presence of both thrombin and alveolar epithelial cells. Co-culture of KU-812 cells with epithelial cells significantly increased the expression of tissue factor, an activator of coagulation activation, in a cell dose-dependent manner. Secretion of IL-5 from KU-812 basophils co-cultured with epithelial cells was significantly inhibited by LY294002, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. These results suggest that thrombin and cell interaction with lung epithelial cells may augment the inflammatory response in allergic diseases by stimulating the secretion of IL-5 from basophils.
Volume 368(1)
Pages 116-20
Published 2008-3-28
DOI 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.01.048
PII S0006-291X(08)00087-9
PMID 18206982
MeSH Basophils / drug effects* Basophils / metabolism* Cell Line Coculture Techniques Epithelial Cells / drug effects Epithelial Cells / metabolism Humans Interleukin-5 / metabolism* Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology Receptors, Thrombin / metabolism Thrombin / pharmacology*
IF 2.705
Times Cited 4
Human and Animal Cells