RRC ID 47331
Author Tare M, Sarkar A, Bedi S, Kango-Singh M, Singh A.
Title Cullin-4 regulates Wingless and JNK signaling-mediated cell death in the Drosophila eye.
Journal Cell Death Dis
Abstract In all multicellular organisms, the fundamental processes of cell proliferation and cell death are crucial for growth regulation during organogenesis. Strict regulation of cell death is important to maintain tissue homeostasis by affecting processes like regulation of cell number, and elimination of unwanted/unfit cells. The developing Drosophila eye is a versatile model to study patterning and growth, where complex signaling pathways regulate growth and cell survival. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying regulation of these processes is not fully understood. In a gain-of-function screen, we found that misexpression of cullin-4 (cul-4), an ubiquitin ligase, can rescue reduced eye mutant phenotypes. Previously, cul-4 has been shown to regulate chromatin remodeling, cell cycle and cell division. Genetic characterization of cul-4 in the developing eye revealed that loss-of-function of cul-4 exhibits a reduced eye phenotype. Analysis of twin-spots showed that in comparison with their wild-type counterparts, the cul-4 loss-of-function clones fail to survive. Here we show that cul-4 clones are eliminated by induction of cell death due to activation of caspases. Aberrant activation of signaling pathways is known to trigger cell death in the developing eye. We found that Wingless (Wg) and c-Jun-amino-terminal-(NH2)-Kinase (JNK) signaling are ectopically induced in cul-4 mutant clones, and these signals co-localize with the dying cells. Modulating levels of Wg and JNK signaling by using agonists and antagonists of these pathways demonstrated that activation of Wg and JNK signaling enhances cul-4 mutant phenotype, whereas downregulation of Wg and JNK signaling rescues the cul-4 mutant phenotypes of reduced eye. Here we present evidences to demonstrate that cul-4 is involved in restricting Wg signaling and downregulation of JNK signaling-mediated cell death during early eye development. Overall, our studies provide insights into a novel role of cul-4 in promoting cell survival in the developing Drosophila eye.
Volume 7(12)
Pages e2566
Published 2016-12-29
DOI 10.1038/cddis.2016.338
PII cddis2016338
PMID 28032862
PMC PMC5261020
MeSH Animals Caspases / metabolism Cell Death Cell Survival Cullin Proteins / metabolism* Drosophila Proteins / metabolism* Drosophila melanogaster / cytology* Drosophila melanogaster / enzymology* Enzyme Activation Eye / cytology* Eye / enzymology* JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism* MAP Kinase Signaling System* Mutation / genetics Phenotype Survival Analysis Wnt1 Protein / metabolism
IF 5.959
Times Cited 6
Drosophila 8711R-1