RRC ID 60567
Author Oh YJ, Kim JY, Park HK, Jang JY, Lim SK, Kwon MS, Choi HJ.
Title Salicibibacter halophilus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from kimchi.
Journal J. Microbiol.
Abstract A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, alkalitolerant, and halophilic bacterium-designated as strain NKC3-5T-was isolated from kimchi that was collected from the Geumsan area in the Republic of Korea. Cells of isolated strain NKC3-5T were 0.5-0.7 μm wide and 1.4-2.8 μm long. The strain NKC3-5T could grow at up to 20.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 10%), pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum pH 9.0), and 25-40°C (optimum 35°C). The cells were able to reduce nitrate under aerobic conditions, which is the first report in the genus Salicibibacter. The genome size and genomic G + C content of strain NKC3-5T were 3,754,174 bp and 45.9 mol%, respectively; it contained 3,630 coding sequences, 16S rRNA genes (six 16S, five 5S, and five 23S), and 59 tRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA showed that strain NKC3-5T clustered with bacterium Salicibibacter kimchii NKC1-1T, with a similarity of 96.2-97.6%, but formed a distinct branch with other published species of the family Bacillaceae. In addition, OrthoANI value between strain NKC3-5T and Salicibibacter kimchii NKC1-1T was far lower than the species demarcation threshold. Using functional genome annotation, the result found that carbohydrate, amino acid, and vitamin metabolism related genes were highly distributed in the genome of strain NKC3-5T. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that strain NKC3-5T had 716 pan-genome orthologous groups (POGs), dominated with carbohydrate metabolism. Phylogenomic analysis based on the concatenated core POGs revealed that strain NKC3-5T was closely related to Salicibibacter kimchii. The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. Anteiso-C15:0, iso-C17:0, anteiso-C17:0, and iso-C15:0 were the major cellular fatty acids, and menaquinone-7 was the major isoprenoid quinone present in strain NKC3-5T. Cell wall peptidoglycan analysis of strain NKC3-5T showed that meso-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid. The phephenotypic, genomic, phylogenetic, and chemotaxonomic properties reveal that the strain represents a novel species of the genus Salicibibacter, for which the name Salicibibacter halophilus sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain NKC3-5T (= KACC 21230T = JCM 33437T).
Volume 57(11)
Pages 997-1002
Published 2019-11
DOI 10.1007/s12275-019-9421-z
PII 10.1007/s12275-019-9421-z
PMID 31659686
MeSH Bacillaceae / classification* Bacillaceae / genetics Bacillaceae / isolation & purification* Bacillaceae / physiology Bacterial Typing Techniques Base Composition DNA, Bacterial / genetics Diaminopimelic Acid / metabolism Fatty Acids / chemistry Fermented Foods and Beverages / microbiology* Genes, Bacterial / genetics Genomics Halobacteriales Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Peptidoglycan / chemistry Phylogeny* RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Republic of Korea Salt Tolerance Sequence Analysis, DNA Sodium Chloride / metabolism Vitamin K 2 / analogs & derivatives Vitamin K 2 / chemistry Whole Genome Sequencing
IF 2.319
Times Cited 0
General Microbes JCM33437