Reference - Detail
|Author||Murakami K, Kanno H, Yamamoto I, Saito T.|
|Title||Lavendustin A enhances axon elongation in VHL gene-transfected neural stem cells.|
Axonal elongation is necessary for neuronal regeneration of the spinal cord after spinal injury. Recently neural stem cells have been proposed as hopeful graft donors for regeneration of the central nervous system. However, most grafted stem cells are not able to differentiate into neurons, and grafted stem cells cannot usually grow axons. Here, we show the effect of the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor lavendustin A on axonal growth of neurons differentiated from neural stem cells obtained from adult rat hippocampal cells transfected with the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene. Significantly greater axonal outgrowth was observed for the transfected cells treated with the inhibitor than for those not so treated. Thus, protein-tyrosine kinase inhibition is effective for axonal outgrowth of neurons differentiated from neural stem cells and may prove to be useful for neuronal regeneration via transplanted stem cells, particularly in the case of spinal cord injuries.
|MeSH||Animals Cells, Cultured Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology Fluorescent Antibody Technique GAP-43 Protein / metabolism Growth Cones / drug effects* Growth Cones / physiology Hippocampus / cytology Hippocampus / growth & development Humans Nerve Regeneration / physiology Phenols / pharmacology* Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism Rats Rats, Inbred F344 Spinal Cord Injuries / therapy Stem Cell Transplantation / methods* Stem Cells / drug effects* Stem Cells / physiology Transfection Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics* Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics* Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein|
|DNA material||Ax1 CA gfp (RDB01727)|