RRC ID 4815
Author Fulton L, Batoux M, Vaddepalli P, Yadav RK, Busch W, Andersen SU, Jeong S, Lohmann JU, Schneitz K.
Title DETORQUEO, QUIRKY, and ZERZAUST represent novel components involved in organ development mediated by the receptor-like kinase STRUBBELIG in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Journal PLoS Genet.
Abstract Intercellular signaling plays an important role in controlling cellular behavior in apical meristems and developing organs in plants. One prominent example in Arabidopsis is the regulation of floral organ shape, ovule integument morphogenesis, the cell division plane, and root hair patterning by the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase STRUBBELIG (SUB). Interestingly, kinase activity of SUB is not essential for its in vivo function, indicating that SUB may be an atypical or inactive receptor-like kinase. Since little is known about signaling by atypical receptor-like kinases, we used forward genetics to identify genes that potentially function in SUB-dependent processes and found recessive mutations in three genes that result in a sub-like phenotype. Plants with a defect in DETORQEO (DOQ), QUIRKY (QKY), and ZERZAUST (ZET) show corresponding defects in outer integument development, floral organ shape, and stem twisting. The mutants also show sub-like cellular defects in the floral meristem and in root hair patterning. Thus, SUB, DOQ, QKY, and ZET define the STRUBBELIG-LIKE MUTANT (SLM) class of genes. Molecular cloning of QKY identified a putative transmembrane protein carrying four C(2) domains, suggesting that QKY may function in membrane trafficking in a Ca(2+)-dependent fashion. Morphological analysis of single and all pair-wise double-mutant combinations indicated that SLM genes have overlapping, but also distinct, functions in plant organogenesis. This notion was supported by a systematic comparison of whole-genome transcript profiles during floral development, which molecularly defined common and distinct sets of affected processes in slm mutants. Further analysis indicated that many SLM-responsive genes have functions in cell wall biology, hormone signaling, and various stress responses. Taken together, our data suggest that DOQ, QKY, and ZET contribute to SUB-dependent organogenesis and shed light on the mechanisms, which are dependent on signaling through the atypical receptor-like kinase SUB.
Volume 5(1)
Pages e1000355
Published 2009-1
DOI 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000355
PMID 19180193
PMC PMC2628281
MeSH Arabidopsis / genetics Arabidopsis / growth & development* Arabidopsis / metabolism Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism* Cloning, Molecular Flowers / genetics Flowers / growth & development Flowers / metabolism Gene Expression Profiling Meristem / genetics Meristem / growth & development Meristem / metabolism Molecular Sequence Data Mutation Phenotype Plant Roots / genetics Plant Roots / growth & development Plant Roots / metabolism Protein Kinases / genetics Protein Kinases / metabolism* Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
IF 5.224
Times Cited 25
Arabidopsis / Cultured plant cells, genes pda19675 pda20733 pdz31289 pdz49926