RRC ID 35796
Author Matsushita M, Kitoh H, Ohkawara B, Mishima K, Kaneko H, Ito M, Masuda A, Ishiguro N, Ohno K.
Title Meclozine facilitates proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes by attenuating abnormally activated FGFR3 signaling in achondroplasia.
Journal PLoS One
Abstract Achondroplasia (ACH) is one of the most common skeletal dysplasias with short stature caused by gain-of-function mutations in FGFR3 encoding the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3. We used the drug repositioning strategy to identify an FDA-approved drug that suppresses abnormally activated FGFR3 signaling in ACH. We found that meclozine, an anti-histamine drug that has long been used for motion sickness, facilitates chondrocyte proliferation and mitigates loss of extracellular matrix in FGF2-treated rat chondrosarcoma (RCS) cells. Meclozine also ameliorated abnormally suppressed proliferation of human chondrosarcoma (HCS-2/8) cells that were infected with lentivirus expressing constitutively active mutants of FGFR3-K650E causing thanatophoric dysplasia, FGFR3-K650M causing SADDAN, and FGFR3-G380R causing ACH. Similarly, meclozine alleviated abnormally suppressed differentiation of ATDC5 chondrogenic cells expressing FGFR3-K650E and -G380R in micromass culture. We also confirmed that meclozine alleviates FGF2-mediated longitudinal growth inhibition of embryonic tibia in bone explant culture. Interestingly, meclozine enhanced growth of embryonic tibia in explant culture even in the absence of FGF2 treatment. Analyses of intracellular FGFR3 signaling disclosed that meclozine downregulates phosphorylation of ERK but not of MEK in FGF2-treated RCS cells. Similarly, meclozine enhanced proliferation of RCS cells expressing constitutively active mutants of MEK and RAF but not of ERK, which suggests that meclozine downregulates the FGFR3 signaling by possibly attenuating ERK phosphorylation. We used the C-natriuretic peptide (CNP) as a potent inhibitor of the FGFR3 signaling throughout our experiments, and found that meclozine was as efficient as CNP in attenuating the abnormal FGFR3 signaling. We propose that meclozine is a potential therapeutic agent for treating ACH and other FGFR3-related skeletal dysplasias.
Volume 8(12)
Pages e81569
Published 2013-1-1
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0081569
PII PONE-D-13-14732
PMID 24324705
PMC PMC3852501
MeSH Achondroplasia / metabolism Achondroplasia / pathology* Amino Acid Substitution Animals Cell Differentiation / drug effects* Cell Proliferation / drug effects Cells, Cultured Chondrocytes / drug effects Chondrocytes / enzymology Chondrocytes / metabolism* Chondrocytes / pathology* Extracellular Matrix / drug effects Extracellular Matrix / metabolism Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology Humans Lentivirus / metabolism Meclizine / pharmacology* Models, Biological Mutation / genetics Phosphorylation / drug effects Rats Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3 / antagonists & inhibitors Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3 / metabolism* Signal Transduction / drug effects* Tibia / drug effects Tibia / embryology Tibia / pathology
IF 2.74
Times Cited 27
DNA material CSII-CMV-MCS-IRES2-Venus (RDB04383)