RRC ID 46756
Author Ashton-Beaucage D, Lemieux C, Udell CM, Sahmi M, Rochette S, Therrien M.
Title The Deubiquitinase USP47 Stabilizes MAPK by Counteracting the Function of the N-end Rule ligase POE/UBR4 in Drosophila.
Journal PLoS Biol
Abstract RAS-induced MAPK signaling is a central driver of the cell proliferation apparatus. Disruption of this pathway is widely observed in cancer and other pathologies. Consequently, considerable effort has been devoted to understanding the mechanistic aspects of RAS-MAPK signal transmission and regulation. While much information has been garnered on the steps leading up to the activation and inactivation of core pathway components, comparatively little is known on the mechanisms controlling their expression and turnover. We recently identified several factors that dictate Drosophila MAPK levels. Here, we describe the function of one of these, the deubiquitinase (DUB) USP47. We found that USP47 acts post-translationally to counteract a proteasome-mediated event that reduces MAPK half-life and thereby dampens signaling output. Using an RNAi-based genetic interaction screening strategy, we identified UBC6, POE/UBR4, and UFD4, respectively, as E2 and E3 enzymes that oppose USP47 activity. Further characterization of POE-associated factors uncovered KCMF1 as another key component modulating MAPK levels. Together, these results identify a novel protein degradation module that governs MAPK levels. Given the role of UBR4 as an N-recognin ubiquitin ligase, our findings suggest that RAS-MAPK signaling in Drosophila is controlled by the N-end rule pathway and that USP47 counteracts its activity.
Volume 14(8)
Pages e1002539
Published 2016-8-1
DOI 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002539
PMID 27552662
PMC PMC4994957
MeSH Animals Animals, Genetically Modified Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / genetics Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / metabolism* Cell Line Drosophila Proteins / genetics Drosophila Proteins / metabolism* Drosophila melanogaster / cytology Drosophila melanogaster / genetics Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism* Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / genetics Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism* IMP Dehydrogenase / genetics IMP Dehydrogenase / metabolism Immunoblotting MAP Kinase Signaling System / genetics Models, Biological Mutation Protein Stability RNA Interference Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases / genetics Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases / metabolism* Ubiquitination Wings, Animal / metabolism
IF 7.076
Times Cited 10
Drosophila 5486R-3