RRC ID 59524
Author Kumar H, Pushpa K, Kumari A, Verma K, Pergu R, Mylavarapu SVS.
Title The exocyst complex and Rab5 are required for abscission by localizing ESCRT III subunits to the cytokinetic bridge.
Journal J Cell Sci
Abstract Cytokinesis is the final step of cell division following chromosome segregation that generates two daughter cells. The conserved exocyst complex is required for scission of the intercellular cytokinetic bridge, although the molecular mechanisms it employs in this process are unclear. We identify and validate the early endocytic GTPase Rab5 as interacting with the exocyst complex in mammalian cells. Rab5 localizes in the cytokinetic bridge and on the midbody ring in a manner similar to the exocyst complex. Depletion of Rab5 led to delayed abscission. Caenorhabditis elegans orthologs of both exocyst complex subunits and Rab5 localize along the cleavage furrow and are required for cytokinesis in early embryos. Cytokinetic cells depleted of either Rab5 or the exocyst subunits Exoc3 and Exoc4 showed impaired deposition of the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) III subunits CHMP2B and/or CHMP4B near the midbody ring. The study reveals an evolutionarily conserved role for the early endocytic marker Rab5 in cytokinetic abscission. In addition, it uncovers a key requirement of the exocyst and Rab5 for the delivery of components of the membrane-severing ESCRT III machinery to complete cytokinesis.
Volume 132(14)
Published 2019-7-17
DOI 10.1242/jcs.226001
PII jcs.226001
PMID 31221728
PMC PMC6679584
MeSH Animals Caenorhabditis elegans / cytology Caenorhabditis elegans / embryology Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / metabolism Cell Membrane / metabolism Cytokinesis* Embryo, Nonmammalian / cytology Embryo, Nonmammalian / metabolism Endocytosis Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport / metabolism* Green Fluorescent Proteins / metabolism HeLa Cells Humans Polar Bodies / cytology Protein Binding Protein Subunits / metabolism* Vesicular Transport Proteins / metabolism rab5 GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
IF 4.517
Times Cited 3
C.elegans tm4536